Overview of genetically modified crops and their relevance for Nicaragua.

Álvarez-Guevara, Marisser H. and Gil-Moreno, Luvianca G. and Gómez-Rodríguez, Julio A. and Huete-Pérez, Jorge Alberto (2012) Overview of genetically modified crops and their relevance for Nicaragua. Encuentro: Revista Académica de la Universidad Centroamericana, 44 (93). pp. 63-77. ISSN 0424-9674

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The first transgenic plants were created in Europe about three decades ago. In Nicaragua, however, there is not commercial cultivation of transgenic crops allowed yet, and the only history of transgenic grain imports occurred in 2005, when the introduction of 15 events of GM maize was first authorized. The Law on Prevention of Risks from Living Modified Organisms by Means of Molecular Biotechnology was published in 2010, and more recently, in September 2012, the Law on Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity came into force. In line with the resulting requirements from these laws, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAGFOR) currently works in coordination with the Molecular Biology Center at the University of Central America to ensure that grains imported in the country correspond to events legally authorized. This article begins by presenting an overview of transgenic crops (GMO), their history and their implications for the economy and human health. Next, we describe the current status of GMO in Nicaragua. We conclude that MAGFOR has been successful in fulfilling the law in regards to sampling of imports related to the introduction of GMO grains. It is recommended, however, that for better monitoring of compliance with these laws, it will be necessary to establish a systematic monitoring plan nationwide, aimed at the appropriate screening and detection of transgenic material both in crop seeds as well as in imported grains.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biosafety, GMO detection, Regulation, Nicaragua
Subjects: 600 Tecnología (Ciencias Aplicadas) > 630 Agricultura y tecnologías relacionadas > 631 Técnicas, equipo, materiales
Divisions: Dependencias Académicas > Vicerrectoria Académica > Dirección de Investigación y Proyección Social
Depositing User: Msc Norma García Cano
Date Deposited: 06 May 2014 22:00
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2015 16:36
URI: http://repositorio.uca.edu.ni/id/eprint/21

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